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Hours of the Virgin, Vellum, Flemmish

Leaf from the Hours of the Virgin. The handwritten page dates to 1440-1450, is Flemish, and made of velum. The recto contains 13 lines of unornamented text. The verso also has 13 lines with one rubricated phrase. The letter O is historiated in red, blue, and gold and connected to marginal flourishes in gold and blue. The Hours of the Virgin, part of the Book of Hours that include devotional prayers for different times of the day. Hours of the Virgin, also known as the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary, contained psalms, lessons, hymns, and prayers said at each of the eight canonical hours: Matins, Lauds, Prime, Terce, Sext, None, Vespers, and Compline. The Book of Hours was the bestselling book of the Middle Ages.

Hours of the Virgin, Vellum, France

Leaf from the Hours of the Virgin. The page is made of velum and was created in France around 1450. The recto contains 18 lines with the first 7 lines have been rubricated. The letter D in the middle of the page has been historiated red, blue, and gold and connected to marginal flourishes. The verso also has 18 lines with several phrases rubricated. The Hours of the Virgin, part of the Book of Hours that include devotional prayers for different times of the day. Hours of the Virgin, also known as the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary, contained psalms, lessons, hymns, and prayers said at each of the eight canonical hours: Matins, Lauds, Prime, Terce, Sext, None, Vespers, and Compline. The Book of Hours was the bestselling book of the Middle Ages.

Hours of the Virgin, Vellum, France

Leaf from the Hours of the Virgin. The page is made of velum originated in Northern France between 1450 and 1460. The recto contains 16 lines with rubricated and historiated initials and rectangular ornamentation in red, blue, and gold. The verso has 16 lines with rubricated and historiated initials, flowers, and rectangular ornamentation in red, blue, and gold. The Hours of the Virgin, part of the Book of Hours that which are devotional prayers for different times of the day. Hours of the Virgin, also known as the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary, contained psalms, lessons, hymns, and prayers said at each of the eight canonical hours: Matins, Lauds, Prime, Terce, Sext, None, Vespers, and Compline. The Book of Hours was the bestselling book of the Middle Ages.

Hours of the Virgin, Vellum, woodcut borders, Paris

Leaf from the Book of Hours (Use of Rome) that was printed by Philippe Pigouchet for Simon Vostre in Paris, France, 1496. The leaf is of velum and decorated with metal cuts along the edges. This is an incunabula leaf as it is printed rather than handwritten. The recto contains 27 printed lines with hand painted rubricated and historiated initials and rectangular ornamentation in red, blue, and gold. The metal cuts depict scenes regarding the crucifixion and Jesus visiting Mary afterward. The verso has 27 lines and does not include hand painted ornamentations. The metal cuts depict scenes of Jesus and his apostles. The Book of Hours include psalms, lessons, hymns, and devotional prayers said at each of the eight canonical hours: Matins, Lauds, Prime, Terce, Sext, None, Vespers, and Compline. The Book of Hours was the bestselling book of the Middle Ages.

Compendio telle historie del regno di Napoli

Compendio delle historie del regno di Napoli Compost da messer Pandolgo Collenucio iurisconsulto in Pesaro
Venitia: ]Michele Tramezino], 1543

Italian humanist Pandolfo Collenuccio was a true Renaissance man. He was a literary, scholar, historian, geographer, collector or rare plants and animals, and diplomat. His works include this history of Naples and poems and dialogues in Latin and Italian.

Itinerarivm Benjaminis

Itinerarium Banjaminis
Lvgd. Batavorum [Leiden]: officinal Elziviriana, [1633]

The book is 2 inches in width and 3 ¾ inches in height. It contains 233 pages, plus a 7-page index and is soft-bound in white leather.

The Old and New Testament connected in the history of the Jews and neibouring nations

The Old and New Testament connect in the history of the Jews and neighbouring nations, from the declension of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah to the time of Christ
London: Printed for R. Knaplock and J. Tonson, 1718

Humphrey Prideaux served as a lecturer in Hebrew at Christ Church, Oxford. Prideaux wrote a number of theological works.

Prideaux, Humphrey, 1648-1724

Richard Pococke

A description of the East, and some other countries
London: Printed for the author, by W. Bowyer, 1743-1745

Richard Pococke, an inveterate traveler, made extensive trips to the Middle East, Egypt, and Europe in the 1730s, 40s, and 50s, visiting many relatively unknown regions. He published detailed narrative accounts of his journeys which were highly regarded by contemporaries.

v. 1. Observations on Egypt -- v. 2, pt. 1. Observation on Palaestine or the Holy Land, Syria, Mesopotamia, Cyprus, and Candia -- v. 2, pt. 2. Observations on the islands of the Archipelago, Asia Minor, Thrace, Greece, and some other parts of Europe.

Pococke, Richard, 1704-1765

A new survey of the globe

A new survey of the globe; or, An accurate mensuration of all the empires, kingdoms, countries, states, principal provinces, counties, & islands in the world . . . A collection of all the noted sea-ports in the world . . . also the settlements & factories, belonging to the English, Dutch . . . etc. in the East and West-Indies, Africa and other parts
London: Printed for J. Bowles, engraved by T. Cole, [ca. 1765]

Thomas Templeman was a writing master at St. Edmund’s Bury in Suffolk, England

Views in the Ottomon empire

Views in the Ottoman empire, chiefly in Caramania, a part of Asia Minor hitherto unexplored : with some curious selections from the islands of Rhodes and Cyprus, and the celebrated cities of Corinth, Carthage, and Tripoli: from the original drawings in the possession of Sir R. Ainslie, taken during his embassy to Constantinople
London: R. Bowyer, 1803

Luigi Mayer was a watercolorist and draftsman of Italian origin. Mayer’s sketches have been cited as the most accurate representations of the Middle East prior to the nineteenth century.

Mayer, Luigi

The works of William Hogarth: from the original plates

The works of William Hogarth: from the original plates, restored by James Heath; with the addition of many subjects not before collected; to which are prefixed, A biographical essay on the genius and productions of Hogarth, and explanations of the subjects of the plates by John Nichols
London: Printed for Baldwin and Cradock by G. Woodfall, [1880?]

William Hogarth was a major figure among eighteenth-century engravers and painters. He excelled at portrait painting and displaying a satiric style.

Hogarth, William, 1697-1764

Robert F. Karolevitz Papers

  • MA 039
  • Papers
  • 1833-2011

The papers of Robert F. Karolevitz (1922-) span the years 1833-2005, with the bulk of the material dating from 1910-1999. The collection is composed personal, professional, and research files, as well as photographs.

The personal files span the years 1894-2005, with the bulk of the material dating from 1968-1981. The bulk of this series is composed of material relating to personal areas of Karolevitz's life not directly related with his professional writing career. The exception to this would be the correspondence series which is composed of material related to both his professional and personal life and includes correspondence with family members and friends. Materials include audio visual material, awards and recognition, clubs and organizations, committees and boards, correspondence, education, ephemera and collected materials, family, financial and legal documents, and material related to Karolevitz’s other interests and activities.

The professional files span the years 1947-2002, with the bulk of the material dating from 1960-1969. The series consists of material created by Karolevitz during his career. Included are articles that were published in various periodicals, manuscripts and other material related to books written by Karolevitz, columns written for several different newspapers, commercial writing and advertising material, political ghostwriting material and speech files. Also included is material related to publishers, other writings, and other material related to writings, such as layout material, rejection slips, and catalogs that listed his books for sale.

The research files span the years 1833-2005, with the bulk of the material dating from 1910-1999. The series is composed of material collected by Karolevitz relating either directly to research for books and articles that he wrote or material that was of interest to him. Material consists mainly of clippings of newspapers and magazine articles, publications, booklets, brochures, pamphlets, photographs and illustrations, correspondence, notes written by Karolevitz and other miscellaneous collected material. Many folders contain only one or a few items.

The photographs are composed of images Karolevitz collected and used in his many publications. Included are images related to automobiles, journalism, medicine, religion, people, and places.

Karolevitz, Robert F.

George and Evelyn Norby Collection

  • NA 001
  • Collection
  • 1840-2006

The Norby's did research for the Brookings Historic Preservation, History of the City of Brookings as well as collected old newspapers and pictures pertaining to the history of Brookings. The collection is composed of newspapers, photographs and filed related to Brookings and Brookings County, South Dakota.

Norby, George 1924-2003

Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve Papers

  • MA 019
  • Papers
  • 1862, 1901, 1925-2021, undated

This collection is composed of manuscripts of books and articles written by Sneve, as well as research materials and correspondence from both publishers and fans. General items include materials related to Sneve's career such as speaking engagements and awards, as well as biographical material, journals, and hard cover copies of many of her books.

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, 1933-

John E. Miller Papers

  • UA 053.015
  • Papers
  • 1865-2020

The John E. Miller papers are composed of materials collected by Dr. Miller during his career. Included is course material, interviews, talks, writings, Laura Ingalls Wilder, and friends and colleagues. The bulk of the material is Laura Ingalls Wilder and research for his many other writings.

GENERAL MATERIAL
The general material consists of files related to Dr. Miller’s personal life outside of teaching and writing. He was involved with many organizations, such as the South Dakota Humanities Council, the South Dakota State Historical Society, Phi Kappa Phi, and history conferences, such as the Midwestern History Association and the Dakota History Conference. Included are correspondence, photographs, awards, articles about Miller, SDSU material, and family files.

COURSE MATERIALS.
Dr. Miller taught many courses during his tenure as a faculty member of the History Department at South Dakota State University. Courses include U.S. History, South Dakota history, American economic history, and methods and philosophy of history. After his retirement he taught Osher Lifetime Learning Institute [OLLI] courses on many topics such as the great depression, U.S. president and legislators, and democracy. Included are course notes, exams, and other material related to teaching history.

FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES
This material is composed of material gathered on friends and colleagues. Included is correspondence, articles, clippings, and photographs.

INTERVIEWS.
Dr. Miller conducted many oral history interviews during the course of his career. The recordings include many important historical figures, such as George McGovern and John Wooden, as well as prominent members of the South Dakota State University community, and SDSU faculty, staff, and administrators. His early interviews were recorded on audiocassettes, and eventually upgraded to digital recorders. There are some transcripts and permission forms for these recordings, but not all.
See the audiovisual and electronic media series for the recordings.

TALKS, PRESENTATIONS, ETC.
This series consists of many talks, presentations, and workshops given by Dr. Miller throughout his career. He also served on panels at conferences, including the Dakota History Conference and Laurapalooza. Included are notes used articles, journals, books, and research material.

LAURA INGALLS WILDER
Dr. Miller is one of America's leading authorities on Laura Ingalls Wilder and Rose Wilder Lane, having written many books and articles on the Wilder’s. Material consists of 16 boxes of research on books written by Laura Ingalls Wilder and her daughter, Rose Wilder Lane, the Ingalls-Wilder family, places where Wilder lived, notebooks of handwritten notes, critiques of other authors works on Wilder, articles and clippings on related to Wilder, research gathered from manuscript collections related to Wilder, other authors works, and Dr. Miller’s writings.

WRITINGS
Dr. Miller wrote many articles, books, and reviews during his career. He also wrote book chapters, collaborated with other authors, and encyclopedia entries. He was a very prolific writer and it is difficult to know whether everything he ever wrote is included in the collection. Included are manuscripts, books, articles, book proposals, notes, and correspondence with other authors and publishers.

RESEARCH
The research material is composed of material collected by Dr. Miller for various projects. Researchers will find material on topics such as politics, elections, democracy, U.S. and South Dakota history, sports, small towns, and creativity; and historical figures such as Johnny Carson, Lawrence Welk, Sam Walton, John Wooden, Walt Disney, George McGovern, Karl Mundt, Alvin Hanson and many others too numerous to list. This material was used in his writings and in teaching his courses at SDSU.

Included are 40 boxes of articles and clippings from newspapers, magazines, scholarly journals, books, and online research gathered during his many trips to archives, historical societies and libraries. The material consists of notebooks and handwritten notes, writings, publications, books, and photographs. The majority of the material is photocopies, but some books, magazines, and journals are also included.

The Brookings County research is composed of research gathered by John E. Miller from the Donald D. Parker Collection held at the Center for Western Studies, Augustana College, in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Donald D. Parker was Head of the History Department at South Dakota State University from 1943-1965. Folders consist mainly of research on early Brookings County, South Dakota and covers the years from circa 1870-1930.

The Hubert B. Mathews and Hubert Jean Mathieu Hubert B. Mathews attended Dakota Agricultural College in Brookings in 1888 and accepted a position on the college staff in 1893. He became head of the physics Department, and was the first acting dean of the Division of Engineering. He was Vice President at South Dakota State College. H.B. Mathews coordinated much of the building work on the campus during the first half of the 20th century. Mathews Hall, a dormitory on campus, is named in his honor. Professor Mathews served twice as the Mayor of Brookings from 1907-1910 and again from 1915-1917. Hubert Jean Mathieu, son of Hubert B. Mathews, graduated from South Dakota State College in 1919. He then studied painting under Harvey Dunn. He is known for his Our Democracy editorial cartoons that appeared in such magazines as the Saturday Evening Post, Colliers, Ladies Home Journal, McCall’s and Cosmopolitan in the 1940s. He changed the spelling of the family name back to the original French spelling of Mathieu, supposedly for art reasons. He used the name "Mat" as his signature on many of his works.

Because of their relationship as father and son and their similar names, researchers should look at each folder carefully to ensure the correct information is gathered as material for both men is interfiled. Included are drawing of the campus of South Dakota State University by Hubert J. Mathieu as well as several of the Our Democracy editorial cartoons. The notes file was compiled by Dr. Miller and includes a notebook and several homemade note cards. The photograph file consists only of one photocopied page of three photographs of both Hubert B. and Hubert J.

The Brookings County Democratic Party records are composed of material given to John E. Miller by Ruby Mershon. Her father, Paul, was county chairman of the Brookings Democratic Party during the 1950s. Folders contain clippings, campaign material, newsletters, financial material, programs, and sample ballots. Some items of note include an official program and souvenir banner commemorating the visit of President John F. Kennedy to St. Cloud, Minnesota in 1962.

The South Dakota State University: A pictorial history, 1881-2006 research consists mainly of photocopies of clippings, articles, and yearbooks etc. Researchers will find material related to all areas of the history of South Dakota State University, from activities, athletics and administration to buildings, Hobo Day, and alumni, students and faculty.

The Looking for History of Highway 14 series is composed of research gathered by John E. Miller for this book. The book highlights fifteen towns and Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Folders consist of research gathered while compiling chapters for this book and include newspapers, county history books, photographs, and notes by Miller.

AUDIOVISUAL AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA
This series consists of 231 audiocassettes, 10 digital recorders, 17 CDs, 1 DVD, 18 USB flash drives, 24 SD Cards as well as some born digital material.

Miller, John E. 1945-2020

N.E. Hansen

  • UA 053.004
  • Papers
  • 1879-2004

The N.E. Hansen papers represent a comprehensive archive chronicling the career of Niels Ebbesen Hansen. The collection encompasses a diverse range of materials, including authored articles, bulletins, and circulars from Hansen's tenure at the South Dakota Experiment Station, as well as field notebooks, and ledgers from the South Dakota Horticultural Society.

Contributions from Helen Hansen Loen, Hansen's granddaughter, further enrich the collection with addresses, correspondence, journals, and travel documents, offering a deeper understanding of his professional and personal life. Notable highlights include addresses delivered by Hansen at prestigious events like the International Congress of Genetics in Berlin, underscoring his scholarly impact.

The collection's breadth extends to reports on forestry, sheep, and forage crops, reflecting Hansen's diverse interests. Manuscripts delve into topics ranging from agricultural practices to fine arts, while photographs document Hansen's expeditions to Siberia and Northern China, providing visual context to his exploratory work. Of particular significance are Hansen's manuscripts examining Soviet Russia's socio-political and economic landscape from 1934 to 1937. These writings offer valuable insights into agricultural collectivization, industrialization, and societal dynamics during that period, complementing Hansen's broader contributions to agricultural science.

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

Robert F. Kerr Papers

  • UA 053.006
  • Papers
  • 1881-1931

This collection represents what can only be a portion of items from Kerr's personal files. They consist mainly of correspondence, but also include some diaries and writings, ledgers, class records and even Kerr's 1879 traveling papers for his stay in Japan. The bulk of the material is correspondence, which is both personal and related to his work at the university. Some of the letters chronicle his dismissal from the university, which is an integral part of the early history of South Dakota State University.

Kerr, Robert F. (Robert Floyd), 1850-1921

Vera Way Marghab Papers

  • MA 025
  • Papers
  • 1883-1998

This collection encompasses the entire life of Vera Way Marghab. It documents her life before meeting Emile Marghab, including her childhood in South Dakota and her life as a piano student in New York City. Correspondence with her suitors, including her eventual husband Emile, is also included. While the bulk of the collection is related to her personal life, Vera's work at the helm of the Marghab companies is also represented, as are the official records of the businesses. Vera kept copious written records throughout her life, and much of that material is found in this collection. Her personal and business lives were closely related, and this collection represents that, although the material has been divided into logical, manageable parts.

Marghab, Vera Way, 1900-1995

Volume 1: First year at Dakota Agriculture College [Preservation copy]

This collection is composed of three diaries of J.M Aldrich during his tenure as a student at Dakota Agricultural College from 1885-1888. The diaries give an invaluable account on life as a student during the early years of the college. The diaries are separated into three volumes, one for each year Aldrich was a student at the college. Between 1930 and 1932, Aldrich made typewritten transcripts copied from his original diaries and included parenthetical comments for clarification. Each daily entry states the day and date, which are underlined, and relate Aldrich's daily activities. Most of the entries are trivial, recounting the activity of each day, but give an excellent portrayal of the atmosphere of Dakota Territory life in the 1880s. Topics included in the diaries range from accounts of his journeys between his home in Minnesota to Brookings to administrative upsets such as President George Lilley losing his position to Lewis McLouth.

J.M. Aldrich Diaries

  • UA 053.014
  • Papers
  • 1885-1888

This collection is composed of three diaries of J.M Aldrich during his tenure as a student at Dakota Agricultural College from 1885-1888. The diaries give an invaluable account on life as a student during the early years of the college.

The diaries are separated into three volumes, one for each year Aldrich was a student at the college. Between 1930 and 1932, Aldrich made typewritten transcripts copied from his original diaries and included parenthetical comments for clarification. Each daily entry states the day and date, which are underlined, and relate Aldrich's daily activities. Most of the entries are trivial, recounting the activity of each day, but give an excellent portrayal of the atmosphere of Dakota Territory life in the 1880's. Topics included in the diaries range from accounts of his journeys between his home in Minnesota to Brookings to administrative upsets such as President George Lilley losing his position to Lewis McLouth.

Aldrich, John Merton, 1866-1934

Volume 2: Second year at Dakota Agricultural College [Preservation copy]

This collection is composed of three diaries of J.M Aldrich during his tenure as a student at Dakota Agricultural College from 1885-1888. The diaries give an invaluable account on life as a student during the early years of the college. The diaries are separated into three volumes, one for each year Aldrich was a student at the college. Between 1930 and 1932, Aldrich made typewritten transcripts copied from his original diaries and included parenthetical comments for clarification. Each daily entry states the day and date, which are underlined, and relate Aldrich's daily activities. Most of the entries are trivial, recounting the activity of each day, but give an excellent portrayal of the atmosphere of Dakota Territory life in the 1880s. Topics included in the diaries range from accounts of his journeys between his home in Minnesota to Brookings to administrative upsets such as President George Lilley losing his position to Lewis McLouth.

Volume 3: Third year at Dakota Agricultural College [Preservation copy]

This collection is composed of three diaries of J.M Aldrich during his tenure as a student at Dakota Agricultural College from 1885-1888. The diaries give an invaluable account on life as a student during the early years of the college. The diaries are separated into three volumes, one for each year Aldrich was a student at the college. Between 1930 and 1932, Aldrich made typewritten transcripts copied from his original diaries and included parenthetical comments for clarification. Each daily entry states the day and date, which are underlined, and relate Aldrich's daily activities. Most of the entries are trivial, recounting the activity of each day, but give an excellent portrayal of the atmosphere of Dakota Territory life in the 1880s. Topics included in the diaries range from accounts of his journeys between his home in Minnesota to Brookings to administrative upsets such as President George Lilley losing his position to Lewis McLouth.

Notebooks: Grasses for 1888 and 9: Grains for 1988

  • UA 53.4 - B01-F14
  • Folder
  • 1888-1889
  • Part of N.E. Hansen

N.E Hansen's research notebook regarding field experiments for grasses and grains in 1888 and 1889. The field consisted of 66 plots. He studied 92 varieties in total including: 22 grasses, 9 clovers, 20 wheats, 23 oats, 14 barleys, 1 rye. Hansen was assisted by John M. Aldrich, Alvah George Cross, and J.G. Ross.

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

Notebooks: Grasses, clovers and forage

Research notebook for N.E. Hansen's experiments with grasses, clovers, and forage that were conducted near the Hunter Salzer Farm by Mellet, South Dakota in 1897 with remarks about 1896. The first part of the notebook discusses his experiments on 38 plots, which included numerous varieties of grasses, oats, wheat, alfalfa, clovers, and corn. The notebook also details his research on an additional 64 plots of grasses and forage plants. The notes include his assessments of the varieties and comments regarding the weather.

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

Benjamin Reifel Papers

  • MA 009
  • Papers
  • 1905-1990

This collection is composed of memorabilia, scrapbooks, campaign items, and personal items related to Reifel's career as a public servant, especially his years in the United States Senate and his work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The bulk of congressional material is memorabilia and scrapbooks and not records related to his term of office. Other materials are related chiefly to his post-congressional speaking career.

Reifel, Ben, 1906-1990

Plant specimen: Prunus persica. Dbl. fl. Peach. Kaises VII.

Prunus persica. Dbl. fl. Peach. Kaises VII. Plant specimen collected by N.E. Hansen, 1924. The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Shan mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated. N.E. Hansen (1866-1950) was a Danish-American horticulturist and botanist who was a pioneer in plant breeding. Hansen came to South Dakota in 1895 and became the first head of the Horticultural Department of South Dakota State College. He also served as agricultural explorer for the United States Department of Agriculture. He searched for hardy grasses, fruits, and other plants throughout Europe and Asia and brought them back to the United States to raise or crossbreed with American varieties to produce hardy plants. Specimen is mounted on an 11.5 x 16.5 inch herbarium sheet accompanied by a label with hand-written notation in pencil ink.

Notebooks: Alfalfa and clovers plat: Book 1

Field research notebook of N.E. Hansen. Alfalfa and clover plats planted July 20, 1907. Varieties studied originated from Norway, Turkistan, Russia, Siberia, Sweden, Lapland, and South America. Handwritten

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

William H. Powers Papers

  • UA 053.009
  • Papers
  • 1907-1950

This collection is composed mainly of Powers' notes and materials he wrote about his history of the college. For the most part, these are draft materials. Also included are some correspondence and some totally unrelated material. This material includes notes about the foundation of the Brookings Public Library, and notes on the World Disarmament Committee, including a petition against conscription signed by many university faculty.

Powers, William H. (William Howard) 1868-1936

Notebooks: Alfalfa and clovers plat: Book 2

Field research notebook of N. E. Hansen. Alfalfa and clover grasses planted May 1908. Varieties studied originated from Norway, Turkistan, Russia, Siberia, Sweden, Lapland, and South America. Several varieties came from the Moscow Agricultural College (Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy).

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

Notebooks: Alfalfa's: 1911-M-1-tc

Research notebook for N.E. Hansen's experiments with alfalfa for 1911, with notes regarding 1909 and 1910 experiments. Varieties studied include Omsk, Cossack, Samara, North Sweden, Obb Siberia, and Cherno.

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

Plant specimen: Pinus pungens, also called Table Mountain Pine, hickory pine, prickly pine or mountain pine.

Pinus pungens, also called Table Mountain Pine, hickory pine, prickly pine or mountain pine. This small pine is native to the Appalachian Mountains in the United States. Plant specimen collected by C.S. Sargent, 1912, first director of the Arnold Arboretum, Herbarium of Iowa College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa. N.E. Hansen graduated from Iowa State College with a bachelor's degree in horticulture in 1887. It is likely Hansen obtained this specimen during his time at the college. N.E. Hansen (1866-1950) was a Danish-American horticulturist and botanist who was a pioneer in plant breeding. Hansen came to South Dakota in 1895 and became the first head of the Horticultural Department of South Dakota State College. He also served as agricultural explorer for the United States Department of Agriculture. He searched for hardy grasses, fruits, and other plants throughout Europe and Asia and brought them back to the United States to raise or crossbreed with American varieties to produce hardy plants. Specimen is mounted on an 11.5 x 16.5 inch herbarium sheet accompanied by a label with hand-written notation in pencil ink.

Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway Company Collection

  • MA 033
  • Collection
  • 1913-1918

This collection originated from the Madison, S.D. Railway Depot and was then donated to Prairie Village of Madison. The barn in which Prairie Village kept the records burned down but the records were salvaged. The collection provides a variety of different communications and report information, and is an excellent source to view original documentation. However, the collection is not a complete record of all communications and so is not an effective source for researching specific transactions, etc. It is organized into folders each containing a different form of communication used by the railroad company. The beginning of the collection contains all photocopied material. The middle of the collection contains the encapsulated material, and the end of the collection contains the samples of original records.

Because this collection was damaged in a fire all records received were photocopied with only a few original samples retained from each category of the collection. Some unique samples were encapsulated for easier handling and display.

Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway Company

N.E. Hansen among the Kirghiz Tartars in Semipalatinsk, Siberia in 1913

  • UA53-04-0124
  • Photograph
  • 1913-05-29 to 1913-11-08
  • Part of N.E. Hansen

N.E. Hansen (wearing black collared overcoat and a hat) is standing by two horses drawing an unknown type of machinery, possible a planter of some king, there are three men, one driving and two sitting on the planter, the photograph was taken while N.E. Hansen was among the Kirghiz Tartars in Semipalatinsk, Siberia

Courtyard in Semipalatinsk, Russia in 1913

  • UA53-04-0125
  • Photograph
  • 1913-05-29 to 1913-11-08
  • Part of N.E. Hansen

People in a courtyard by a large ornate tower made of brick with a crumbling archway, Russian words written in Cyrillic script is on the building, taken during N.E. Hansen's trip to Semipalatinsk, Russia

Notebooks: Alfalfa book

Research notebook for N.E. Hansen's experiments with alfalfa, which were conducted throughout South Dakota in 1913. Places include Faith, Ipswich, Isabel, Kadoka, Lemmon, Miller, Mobridge, Pierre, Vivian, and Winner. Varieties studied include Samara, Cossack, Cherno, and Semipalatinsk.

Hansen, N.E. (Niels Ebbesen), 1866-1950

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes to H.L. Loucks concerning the current state of the nation and state politically. Pettigrew discusses his dislike for President Wilson and the current administration. Pettigrew also mentions the money expenditure used to pay for tax pamphlets and being printed in newspapers. Finally, Pettigrew begins partnership with Loucks for the coming months.

Correspondence

Letter from H. L. Loucks to R.F. Pettigrew about the elections of 1914. Loucks describes his disappointment in loosing the local election and comments on the South Dakota's Progressive Party. Loucks also comments on the state of national politics and the losses in the Progressive Party.

Correspondence B

H. L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about losing the election for United States Senator from South Dakota. Loucks discusses campaign contributions to the national Progressive Party. He also talks about an investment opportunity for a plant to process flax straw.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about the elections of 1914. Loucks speculates that he had lost the election for senator from South Dakota and thanks Pettigrew for his assistance. Loucks also makes comments about the national election results.

E.S. (Edgar Sharp) McFadden Papers

  • MA 053
  • Papers
  • 1914-2014

The collection consists of materials relating to his work with research and production of small grains such as wheat, oats, and flax, and in particular the development of Hope Wheat. In addition, the collection contains biographical information about McFadden and his writings and speeches.

McFadden, Edgar S. (Edgar Sharp), 1891-1956

South Dakota Farmers Union Records

  • MA 012
  • Records
  • 1914-2009

The records are comprised of correspondence, meeting minutes, publications, scrapbooks, photographs, oral history interviews, audio-visual materials, and the records of local unions.

South Dakota Farmers Union

Correspondence A

Letter from H. L. Loucks to R.F. Pettigrew about the development of the Progressive Party. Loucks believes that the name should be changed due to the bad public image of progressivism. He mentions the anti-Catholic sentiments during the elections of 1914 around the country. He also talks about President Woodrow Wilson's policies and his tendency to support special interest groups. Loucks proposes a strategy for the Progressive Party for the 1916 elections. He also comments that the Republican candidate (Coe I. Crawford) wants to contest the election of Edwin Stockton Johnson (Democratic candidate) as Senator of South Dakota. Loucks states that he would like to see an investigation into the primary and election for the Senate seat.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about his lingering illness and his long recovery. He discusses the 1914 election including his campaign, losing the election, his opponent: E.S. Johnson, and his conclusion to continue as an independent candidate. Loucks also talks about Richard O. Richards continuing in state politics.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks thanks Pettigrew for his support. He mentions taking advantage the "rural credit" issue to advance his agenda. He also talks about furthering his views by giving an address to the Christian Endeavor Society and visiting with farm and labor organizati

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about distributing copies of the address he gave to the Christian Endeavor Society. He mentions the inheritance that Amos and Gifford Pinchot received and suggests that Pettigrew contact them for their assistance in the progressive movement. Loucks talks about inserting leaflets into the local papers and the South Dakota Farmer to promote progressive ideals. He discusses the state primaries for the elections for 1916. He suggests that if the progressive movement could remove Roosevelt and Perkins, then they would have a real progressive party. Loucks talks of feeling betrayed by Richard O. Richards and has no confidence in the state's Republican Party. At the end of the letter her announces that the People's Money League of Chicago has accepted his 'rural credit' plan.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks writes about his misgivings of Richard O. Richards and his views on taxation and temperance. Loucks does not trust Richards and is hesitant to write an article for him that Richards would want published in local newspapers.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes to H.L. Loucks regarding to the Pettigrew's lack of funds to invest into the newspapers currently. Pettigrew also mentions that he is traveling to Washington State to visit his boys and will be unable to respond to Loucks completely.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew discusses with H.L. Loucks his disagreement with Richard O. Richards and his most recent proposition of an income tax. Pettigrew mentions that he would join Richard O. Richards if he organized an independent movement that was not reliant on any of the current political parties. Pettigrew expresses his aspiration to build up either a progressive or people's party that supported the workers.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes to H.L. Loucks concerning Pettigrew's desire to take leadership on a present matter as to which he has none. Pettigrew also mentions that his finances keep him from supporting Loucks in the manner in which he would prefer.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew discusses with H.L. Loucks the desire to get at least one newspaper in Sioux Falls for their needs as well having a stock of Pearson's Magazines featuring Charles Edward Russell's article on Grain Trust ready to be distributed. Pettigrew argues the necessity of changing the current society from 'egotistic to altruistic.'

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes to H.L. Loucks concerning the Richards Law and current referendum in the State legislature. Pettigrew believes that Richards must go alone while still arguing for Primary Law. Pettigrew also mentions the continued desire to buy a newspaper though expresses his inability to do so with current funds.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew responds to H.L. Loucks affirmation regarding Loucks money question. Pettigrew laments of his inability to financially help Loucks in his education endeavors and hopes that his financial condition will soon recover. Pettigrew also speaks boldly of his dislike for money and how it influences the people of Sioux Falls.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about his hopes for the national Progressive Party. He suggests that Pettigrew, Richard O. Richards and he start a newspaper to advance their political agenda. He mentions that the Saturday News in Watertown, South Dakota is for sale.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes about the troubled state of politics in South Dakota. He mentions that he would be a part of the Republican Party if they would nominate progressive candidates. Loucks discusses the recent movement for farmers to organize. He mentions that Richard O. Richards has decided to remain in the Republican Party. Loucks believes that not all ballots cast for him were counted in the 1914 election.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes about assisting Richard O. Richards in bringing up a suit to repeal Richards' primary law amendment. He also mentions that Richards does not want to start a newspaper. Loucks is still interested in finding a medium to publish his agenda and discusses the reliability of the press in South Dakota.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about the leaflets he is publishing to promote progressive ideals. He thinks he will use the Rural Credit issue to bring attention to financial issues of farmers. Loucks mentions the upcoming 1916 elections and the likelihood of independent candidates.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks expresses his doubt about joining Richard O. Richards in an independent political alliance. Loucks talks about not taking part in the state primary elections and that although he will not lead in the creation of an independent party, he will be willing to help the movement. Loucks asks Pettigrew to reread his address to the Christian Endeavor Society. He discusses his view regarding the money question and the preparedness issue.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew talks with H.L. Loucks concerning the upcoming nomination for presidential candidate for the Republicans, as Pettigrew is hoping for a Progressive candidate as opposed to a reactionary one. Pettigrew also expresses his desire and agreement with Loucks concerning the procurement of numerous newspapers. Pettigrew also mentions various senators and party members, including Charles Edward Russell.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes about his desire to be involved in politics at the national level. He mentions Richard O. Richards will continue his work with the primary law amendments and Loucks believes he will be an ally in the elections. He suggests that Pettigrew should contact progressive leaders throughout the United States.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks asks R. F. Pettigrew to read a copy of an address he gave at a meeting in St. Paul. Loucks states that he will not take part in the primary elections and that he cannot be part of the Progressive Party with Roosevelt and Perkins leading it. He feels that the Socialist Party's views are too narrow for him to join them. Loucks suggests that there is a good prospect in South Dakota for the rise of an independent party.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew discusses with H.L. Loucks the plan for rural credits which has not yet arrived. Pettigrew strongly states his opposition to class legislation as well as the explanation for such opposition. Pettigrew briefly states his eagerness to write a letter for Pearson's Magazine on the topic of class legislation.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew concerning the 'St. Paul Address,' which garners him visibility. Loucks offers to have the address re-written in a more substantial form to gather more support from the people. He also inquires the help of Pettigrew in the capacity of reviewing Loucks present manuscript for a book which is slated to be published.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew concerning Pettigrew's upcoming political venture on a platform with Mr. Landis, which Loucks hopes will throw people for a loop. Loucks expresses his apprehension about Mrs. Burgess and her political aptitude.

Correspondence

Loucks speaks to R.F. Pettigrew about the progress of linotyping the manuscript as well as his desire to simply funnel all his time into the current writing process. Loucks also mentions that with his manuscript, he has not been reading much of the magazines but notices that the farmers have and he wishes to perhaps secure a post writing for such a magazine to benefit their organization

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew speaks with H.L. Loucks about the Loucks' current article and the arguments therein. Pettigrew mentions that Loucks should follow a particular strain of his own argument that would greatly benefit his article. Pettigrew also voices his dislike for the bankers and financiers of New York. Pettigrew briefly covers his thoughts in regards to 'intrinsic' and 'extrinsic value.'

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes H.L. Loucks stating his intent to read Loucks' manuscript. Pettigrew also states to Loucks that Pearson's Magazine would be a beneficial place to submit his articles. Pettigrew mentions that now would be an opportune time to begin working towards a constitutional convention in South Dakota with hopes of amending the current constitution.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes H.L. Loucks concerning Loucks' manuscripts and articles, pointing out the pros and cons of both. Pettigrew mentions his decision to vote for the Socialists as well as the idea of building up a Socialist party. Pettigrew also states that he does not wish to help Loucks start a new party but will always be available to discuss questions of further importance.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks thanks R.F Pettigrew for the package of leaflets sent to him and sadly cannot use them and he plans to send them back to Pettigrew. Loucks also talks in length of the new party which they are going to start and the system by which it should be adopted.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew about the status current politics in terms of calling a national convention. Loucks also mentions a Mrs. A. Burgess, the daughter of a Mr. Crane, who is interested in reviewing the manuscript which Loucks continues to write.

Correspondence

Loucks continues to speak to R.F. Pettigrew regarding the necessity of calling a state conference with emphasis placed on finding new representatives. Loucks comments on the support and help of Alli Reed in terms of the manuscript and the framework of their organization. Loucks also mentions that his book in moving along, albeit, at a slower pace than he would prefer.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew congratulates H.L. Loucks on his call to action in reference to a conference, one in which Pettigrew is most happy to attend. Pettigrew continues in speaking boldly of his dislike for the party system and their operations of disrepute.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew articulates to H.L. Loucks his distaste for the book that Loucks recommended to him. Pettigrew also mentions that he would prefer to remain distanced from any conference with the author of the book. Pettigrew expresses great admiration and interest in Loucks' manuscript and desire to read it further.

Research Notebooks

Research notes recorded by Edgar S. McFadden. Research was conducted on barley verities: Success, Hanna, Gold, Minn 105, Odinbrucker, Gatami, Nepal, Hamchen; winter wheat varieties: Turkey, Red Chaff, Kharkov; Rye varieties; and Oats varieties: Ruakura, White Tartarian, Acme, Pelissur, Black Persian. Also included is correspondence between McFadden and J.A. Clark, Assistant Agronomist in charge of Western Wheat Investigation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.

Correspondence

H. L. Loucks writes to R. F. Pettigrew about a court case as to which Loucks is the primary counsel. Loucks mentions that he will use the argument going against the idea of 'rural credit.'; Loucks insists on Pettigrew visit Gifford and Amos Pinchot, whom Loucks deems capable of becoming national leaders.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks responds to the R.F. Pettigrew and expresses sorrow for the current condition of Mrs. Pettigrew. Loucks also returns to his manuscript in speaking about how he wishes to take his time to write his statements and that Pettigrew may read and revise at his leisure, as there is no imminent reason that Loucks manuscript must be ready.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks talks of his manuscript to R.F. Pettigrew, which has become something of a burden for him. Loucks also continues to talk of starting a new party, which will give them both leverage in the political realm. For now, Loucks determines that they ought to remain quiet and simply wait.

Correspondence

Loucks writes to R.F. Pettigrew concerning the cost of having part of the pamphlet printed as well as the pieces of the manuscript in friendly newspapers. Loucks hopes to copyright certain features of the pamphlet and manuscript to provide solid arguments. Mrs. Burgess urges Loucks to arrange a national call, which Loucks wishes to avoid at the present time.

Correspondence

Loucks talks to R.F. Pettigrew about the current state of their group which has not yet 'practical' levels in South Dakota. State Auditor J.E. Handlin is mentioned by Loucks for his earnest in taking a stand and Loucks wishes to stand by him. A Supreme Court plea is mentioned as well as various other people regarding politics and present status of South Dakota.

Correspondence

Loucks articulates to R.F. Pettigrew that an urgent call went out for a conference in Sioux Falls for their organization through the encouragement of Alli Reed. The call for a conference is not only to take place in Sioux Falls but also Chicago. Loucks also mentions that he believes the time is right for action for the Farmers Nonpartisan Political League.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew writes to H.L. Loucks concerning Loucks' address which shall be put into pamphlet form. Pettigrew mentions his great dislike for financiers of New York and the hope that Loucks' address will wake the people up from the spell of the financiers. Pettigrew also comments on the optimism that the people of the country will vote in a republican President.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew expresses to H.L. Loucks the corruption and fraud of the current presidential administration. Pettigrew mentions his sadness and anger over those who would do nothing to change what has always been. Pettigrew reassures Loucks that his work will bear reward someday.

Correspondence

R.F. Pettigrew pens a letter to H.L. Loucks expressing his desire that Loucks would come visit him to discuss the matters at hand. Pettigrew also mentions that he is going to attempt to sell Loucks' article to Pearson's Magazine.

George C. Biggar Papers

  • MA 001
  • Papers
  • 1916-1988

This collection encompasses materials related to George Biggar's career in radio, highlighting his contributions to agricultural and farm programs, as well as entertainment broadcasts. The collection is composed of a wide range of materials including audiocassettes, biographical sketches, clippings, scripts, a Master of Science thesis, miscellaneous items, photographs, publications, tours documentation, tributes, writings, and materials related to a World War II trip. These items offer insights into various aspects spanning from personal history to historical events, with a particular focus on the World War II trip and its related materials.

Biggar, George C. (George Cecil) 1899-1989

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks speaks of his manuscript to R.F. Pettigrew, which he is saddened that he must cut down so as to sell the finished manuscript for a set price. Loucks also mentions that he and Pettigrew should begin to plan for a general conference after the national convention. A mention of Richard O. Richards is also made near the end of the letter speaking of the national convention.

Correspondence

H.L. Loucks congratulates R.F. Pettigrew on his recent political fight, saying that Pettigrew gathered a substantial victory. Loucks also mentions his manuscript, the leaflet of Pettigrew's, and the potential publisher of both manuscripts. State primaries are coming and Loucks hope to circumvent any voting too far away from their party lines.

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