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Tablet 1: Found at Drehem, bill for 7 lambs and 4 kid goats
B01-I01 · Objects and artifacts · 2350 BC
Part of Cuneiform Tablet Collection

Clay Cuneiform tablet.

Purchased by South Dakota State College President Willis E. Johnson from Dr. Edgar J. Banks in 1923.

Transcribe d by Dr. by Edgar James Banks in an undated letter: Found at Drehem, a suburb of Nippur, where there was a receiving station for the temple of Bel. The inscription is a bill for 7 lambs and 4 kid goats delivered on the 4th day of the month. It is dated in the last three lines about 2350 B.C., or early in the Ur dynasty of kings who ruled from about 2400 to 2100 B.C.

Description by the [Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, UCLA](University of California, Los Angeles Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative Found Texts website: https://cdli.ucla.edu/)

Provenience: Puzri-Dagan (mod. Drehem)

Period:Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) period

Dates referenced: Amar-Suen.03.06.00

Material: Clay

Language: Sumerian

Genre: Administrative

Obverse: 1. 5(disz) gu4; 2. erin2 he2-bi2-la-at{ki}; 3. mu-kux(DU) / reverse: 1. iti u5-bi2-gu7; 2. mu us2-sa ma2-dara3-abzu ba-ab-du8; 3. u4 2(u) 3(disz)-kam / left: 1. 5(disz) gu4

Tablet 2: Found at Drehem, receipt of five oxen
B01-I02 · Objects and artifacts · 2350 BC
Part of Cuneiform Tablet Collection

Clay Cuneiform tablet.

Purchased by South Dakota State College President Willis E. Johnson from Dr. Edgar J. Banks in 1923.

Transcribed by Dr. Edgar J. Banks in an undated letter: Found at Drehem. A record of the receipt of five oxen apparently for the temple offerings. Also on one edge is written "5 oxen." Dated ca. 2350 B.C.

Description by the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, UCLA

Provenience: Puzri-Dagan (mod. Drehem)

Period:Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) period

Dates referenced: Shu-Suen.03.0323 (us2 year) ?

Material: Clay

Language: Sumerian

Genre: Administrative

Obverse: 1. 7(disz) sila4 4(disz) masz2; 2. u4 4(disz)-kam; 3. ki ab-ba-sa6-ga-ta; 4. in-ta-e3-a / reverse; 1. ; 3-dab5; 1 line blank; 2. iti ezem-mah; 3. mu {d}gu-za {d}en-lil2-la2 ba-dim2

Tablet 4: Found at Drehem, sealed temple record
B01-I04 · Objects and artifacts · 2300 BC
Part of Cuneiform Tablet Collection

. Clay Cuneiform tablet.

Purchased by South Dakota State College President Willis E. Johnson from Dr. Edgar J. Banks in 1923.

Transcribed by Edgar James Banks: Found at Drehem. A temple record, sealed and dated about 2300 B.C.

Description by the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, UCLA

Provenience: Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)

Period: Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) / Date referenced: Shu-Suen.01.00.00

Material: clay

Language: Sumerian

Genre: Administrative

Obverse: 1. 6(disz) {gi}pisan im-sar-ra a2 na-da u4 1(u); 2. 4(disz) {gi}pisan im-sar-ra a2 u4 2(disz)-ta; 3. [...] x gesz da; 4. [...] x/ reverse: 1. ki a-gu-ta; 2. kiszib3 hu-wa-wa; 3. sza3 bala-a; 1 line blank; 4. mu {d}szu-{d}suen lugal / seal 1: 1. lu2-eb-gal;2. dub-sar; 3. dumu ur-ge6-par4; 4. gudu4 {d}inanna

Tablet 3: Found at Jokha, record of temple offerings
B01-I03 · Objects and artifacts · 2300 BC
Part of Cuneiform Tablet Collection

Clay Cuneiform tablet.

Purchased by South Dakota State College President Willis E. Johnson from Dr. Edgar J. Banks in 1923.

Transcribed by Dr. Edgar J. Banks in an undated letter: Found at Jokha, the ruin of the ancient city of Umma in Central Babylonia. >This is a typical record of the temple offerings. After the tablet was written, and while the clay was still soft, the temple scribe rolled over the entire tablet his cylindrical stone seal and the seal impression made it impossible to change the record. The seal impression bears in raised characters the name of the scribe and of his father. It is dated about 2300 B.C.

Description by the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, UCLA

  • Provenience: Umma (mod. Tell Jokha)
  • Period: Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC)
  • Dates referenced: Iggi-Suen.01.00.00
  • Material: clay
  • Language: Sumerian
  • Genre: Administrative
  • Obverse: 1. 1(gesz2)# 4(u)# 3(disz) {gesz#}eme szinig; 3. ki e2-ur2-bi-du10-ta; 4. szabra gu4-ke4; 5. szu ba-ti / reverse: 1. a-sza3 KA da?; 2. kiszib3 nimgir-an-ne2; 3. mu {d}i-bi2-{d}suen lugal#
Cuneiform Tablet Collection
AR 003 · Collection · 50 BCE 2003 CE, 1987, 2002-2003

This collection consists of six Sumerian Cuneiform Tablets, a translation by Edgar J. Banks, research and manuscript material. Five of the tablets are approximately 1.5" x 1.5" in size. The tablets come from Ancient Mesopotamia, a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris-Euphrates river system, in the northern part of the Fertile Crescent, corresponding to most of modern day Iraq, Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, and Southwestern Turkey. The translation found with the tablets provides only general information about each tablet: date, place found, and general description. The translations state that three of the tablets are records of receipt for temple offerings, one a sealed temple record and one contract or business document.

South Dakota State College President Willis E. Johnson, who was president of South Dakota State College from 1919 to 1923, purchased the tablets from Edgar James Banks in 1923 for $26.00.

The sixth tablet is 4 inches wide x 6.5 inches long. This tablet was transferred to the archives from the South Dakota Agricultural Heritage Museum. A label affixed to the tablet reads: Egyptian Prescription given me by Daphne Serles and had belonged to Dr. Earl Serles. This script was misidentified as Egyptian hieroglyphics but is indeed Sumerian Cuneiform. This tablet has no transcription.

Banks, Edgar James, 1866-1945