N.E. Hansen

Trans-Siberian Railway platform at Harbin, China in 1924 Trans-Siberian Railway platform at Harbin, China in 1924 Mausoleum of General Ma Zhanshan in Harbin, China in 1924 Monument in General Ma Zhanshan Gardens in Harbin, China in 1924 General Ma Zhanshan Gardens in Harbin, China in 1924 Mausoleum of General Ma Zhanshan in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Garden in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Park in Harbin, China in 1924 Garden in Harbin, China in 1924 N.E. Hansen at bazaar in Harbin, China, 1924 Men selling wild grapes by the Trans-Siberian Railway by Harbin, China, 19224 Man selling pears on East Siberian railway by Harbin, China in 1924 Men at the Trans-Siberian Railway east of Harbin, China in 1924 N.E. Hansen in a Kaoliang sorghum field at Echo in Manchuria, China in 1924 N.E. Hansen in a Kaoliang sorghum field at Echo in Manchuria, China in 1924 N.E. Hansen in a Kaoliang sorghum field at Echo in Manchuria, China in 1924 N.E. Hansen in a Kaoliang sorghum field at Echo in Manchuria, China in 1924 Fruit sellers on the Trans-Siberian Railway in Manchuria, China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen at a bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen at a bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Storefront in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Storefront in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Busy street in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Rickshaw on a street in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Baskets of fruit at a bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen at a bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Bazaar in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen in Fushun, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Stores in Manzhouli, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Men working on a Trans-Siberian Railway train car enroute to Manzhouli, Manchuria in northern Chi... Storefronts in Manzhouli, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Store signs in Manzhouli, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Ornate store sign in Manzhouli, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 Ornate building in Manzhouli, Manchuria in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen's assistants begin a search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen and his assistants begin a search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen and his assistants begin a search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen and his assistants begin a search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen and his assistants begin a search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen and his assistants begin a search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 Terrain in northern China that N.E. Hansen traveled in is search for hardy peach trees in 1924 Terrain in northern China that N.E. Hansen traveled in is search for hardy peach trees in 1924 Terrain in northern China that N.E. Hansen traveled in is search for hardy peach trees in 1924 Assistants to N.E. Hansen gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern Chin... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen and two assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern... N.E. Hansen's assistants gather specimens in their search for hardy peach trees in northern China... N.E. Hansen and two assistants on their search for hardy peach trees in northern China in 1924 Trans-Siberian Railway enroute to Saolin in northern China in 1924 Bazaar on the Trans-Siberian Railway enroute to Saolin in northern China in 1924 Scenery on the Trans-Siberian Railway enroute to Saolin in northern China in 1924 Powerlines on the Trans-Siberian Railway enroute to Saolin in northern China in 1924 Community on the Trans-Siberian Railway enroute to Saolin in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen and Manchu mountain farmer in Myfun in northern China in 1924 Railway station in Saolin in northern China in 1924 Train car on the Trans-Siberian Railway near Saolin in northern China in 1924 Mountain scenery on the Trans-Siberian Railway at Saolin in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen's headquarters while conducting pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen's headquarters while conducting pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen's headquarters while conducting pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 Pear tree in the mountains at Saolin in northern China in 1924 Assistants to N.E. Hansen gather specimens of pears in Saolin in northern China in 1924 Assistants to N.E. Hansen gather specimens of pears in Saolin in northern China in 1924 Man feeding chickens in Saolin in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen in a rickshaw in northern China in 1924 Stored soybeans are ready for shipment at Anda in northern China in 1924 Stored soybeans are ready for shipment at Anda in northern China in 1924 Fruit peddlers at Anda in northern China in 1924 Fruit peddlers at Anda in northern China in 1924 Scenery in the Da Hinggan mountain range in northern China in 1924 Scenery in the Da Hinggan mountain range in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen ready to start over the Da Hinggan mountain range in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen with a local man while conducting pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 N.E. Hansen with a local man while conducting pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 Local man assisting N.E. Hansen while he conducts pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 Local man assisting N.E. Hansen while he conducts pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 Local man assisting N.E. Hansen while he conducts pear research at Saolin in northern China in 1924 Mountain scenery by the Trans-Siberian Railway in northern China in 1924 Man waiting near the Trans-Siberian Railway in north China in 1924 Man waiting near the Trans-Siberian Railway in north China in 1924 Trans-Siberian Railway platform in northern China in 1924
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N.E. Hansen holding alfalfa in his arms.

Identity elements

Reference code

UA 053.004

Level of description

Papers

Title

N.E. Hansen

Date(s)

  • 1873-2004 (Accumulation)

Extent

6.43 linear feet (5 records center box, 1 oversize box)

  • Photographs
  • Plant specimen

Name of creator

Biographical history

On January 4, 1866, Niels Ebbesen Hansen was born to Bodil Midtgaard and Andreas Hansen on a farm near Ribe, Denmark. His mother died when he was an infant. Andreas remarried, and with his second wife had two daughters, Helene and Kristine. The Hansen's left Denmark in 1872. They lived in New York and New Jersey for three years before migrating to Des Moines, Iowa in 1876. His father worked as a painter and is noted for his murals on the ceilings and walls of the new state house building in Des Moines. / As a boy, Hansen attended schools in New York and New Jersey but completed his education in Iowa. In March 1883, Niels enrolled at Iowa State College. He graduated with a BS degree in Horticulture in 1887. In 1895, he received his master's degree from the same college. / After graduation from college, Hansen went into commercial horticulture work. He worked for a year in Atlantic, Iowa and three years in Des Moines, Iowa. In 1895, Hansen came to South Dakota and became head of the Horticultural Department of South Dakota State College. / During his career, Hansen made eight world trips as an agricultural explorer. He searched for new grasses, fruits and other plants throughout Europe and Asia, including Siberia. He brought these plants back to America to raise or crossbreed with American varieties to produce a stronger plant. He was the originator of many new fruits, among them the Hansen hybrid plums. He is credited with the discovery and introduction of hardy Cossack alfalfa, crested wheat grass and brome grass. He developed larger apricots and plums by crossing native varieties with those he brought from Asia. He also developed pears without seeds and a rose to adorn farmyards. In 1949, a monument in recognition of Dr. Hansen and his contributions was erected on the campus of South Dakota State College. / Hansen was married twice. He married his first wife, Emma Elise Pammel on November 16, 1898. They had two children, Carl Andreas and Eva (Mrs. Dave Gilkerson). Emma died December 16, 1904. Three years later, he married Dora Sophie Pammel, his first wife's sister. The Dora died September 14, 1945. / Hansen was a member of the International Jury of Horticulture at the World's Fair in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904 and a United States delegate to the First International Congress of Genetics in London, England in 1906. He served as secretary of the South Dakota Horticultural Society for many years. Hansen was frequently referred to as "The Burbank of the Plains". He had been on the State College staff for 55 years and held the title of Professor Emeritus. Hansen died at the Brookings Hospital on October 5, 1950, after a long illness.

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

This collection is composed of articles and other materials written by N.E. Hansen, including writings for the South Dakota Experiment Station in the form of bulletins and circulars. Includes notebooks and field records of some South Dakota Experiment Stations and early ledgers of the South Dakota Horticultural Society, for which Hansen acted as secretary. Also included is material donated by Helen Hansen Loen, granddaughter of N.E. Hansen. This material is composed of addresses, clippings, correspondence, journals, Loen Research, manuscripts, notebooks, publications, and travel material. Most of this material belonged to N.E. Hansen with the remainder being material collected by Ms. Loen for her written histories of her grandfather.

SDSU Records

This series is composed of addresses, collected works, SDSC Horticulture Department materials, manuscripts, notebooks, publications, SD Agricultural Experiment Station materials, and photographs.

The addresses are speeches given by Hansen at the South Dakota State Conservation and Development and Dry Farming Congress in 1911 and the International Congress of Genetics in Berlin, Germany in 1927.

The collected works consists of material collected by Hansen and includes reports on forests, sheep and forage crops. Also included are items filed as general. This material includes biographies written about Hansen, one of which is written in Danish and some material related to recognition of Hansen in 1949.

The manuscripts consist of articles written by Hansen on the subjects of alfalfa and the fine arts. The notebooks include planting records and field plot notations detailing where alfalfa, clover, grasses and grains were planted. These notebooks are dated from 1888 to 1913. The photographs consist mainly of images from travels to Siberia and Northern China in 1924. Also included are images of apples, sheep, and Hansen with trees. The photographs were removed from the collection and placed in the UA Photograph Archives for preservation. Ask staff for assistance with these items.

The publications consist mainly of SD Agricultural Experiment Station bulletins written by Hansen. Also included are some creative works by Hansen, poems written for Hobo Day and a copy of The Yellow and Blue, the South Dakota State College school song for which Hansen wrote the words.

The South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station material consists of field records for the Agronomy Department and cover mostly the Brookings experiment station, although a few have notes for the Highmore experiment station. This material is dated from 1915 to 1947.

The Horticulture Department material consists of ledgers, which contain records of individuals who joined the South Dakota Horticultural Society and a list of the free premiums they received, usually packets of seeds, and annual reports of the Society. Also included were miscellaneous items that were kept in the ledgers, which were removed and placed in a separate folder for conservation purposes. These ledgers are dates from 1908 to 1929.

The Plant Specimens were collected by Hansen on his travels as an agricultural explorer for the United States Department of Agriculture. He searched for hardy grasses, fruits, and other plants throughout Europe and Asia and brought them back to the United States to raise or crossbreed with American varieties to produce hardy plants. Each Specimen is mounted on an 11.5 x 16.5 inch herbarium sheet accompanied by a label printed in Russian in Cyrillic letter with hand-written notation in blank ink."

Loen Records

This series is composed of addresses, clippings, correspondence, journals, Loen Research, manuscripts, notebooks, publications, and travel material. The material is this series was collected by Helen Hansen Loen, granddaughter of N.E. Hansen. Most of the material belonged to N.E. Hansen with the remainder being material collected by Ms. Loen for her research.

The addresses are composed of speeches given by N.E. Hansen at various venues including the SD State Horticulture Society and the International Congress of Genetics in Berlin, Germany in 1927. This material is dates from 1905 to 1936.

The clippings consist of newspaper and magazine article clipping about N.E. Hansen. Topics include plant breeding, grapes, thornless roses, alfalfa, fruit, wheatgrass, and travels. Many of the articles are biographical.

The correspondence material is dated from 1873 to 1943. The bulk of this material is correspondence between N. E. Hansen and his father, Andreas. Also included is correspondence between family members, friends. and business associates Many of the letters, especially between Niels and his father, are in Danish. Ms. Loen had these letters translated. These translations are included with the original letters. Most of the material consists of original letters, envelopes (some of which are empty), translation transcripts, and notes by Helen Loen. Also included are postcards dated from 1913 from N.E. Hansen to his son Carl with Hansen traveled in Russia.

The journals were kept by N.E. Hansen and cover college and travel years. Included are loose notes, ephemera, financial statements, and business cards. Pressed leaves were found in the journal dates 1882-83. This material is dated between 1879 and 1922. The Loen Research material consists of material gathered by Helen Hansen Loen in compiling written histories of her grandfather, Niels Ebbesen Hansen. Included in this material is correspondence, genealogical research, N.E. Hansen biographical information; including his academic career at Iowa State College and his professional career at South Dakota State College.

The manuscripts consist mainly of original manuscripts written by N.E. Hansen. Included is an unpublished manuscript titled "Russia as Observed by an Agricultural Explorer," written between 1934 and 1937. This includes at least two copies of each page, some of which are handwritten, and some that are edited by cutting and taping. This material is arranged alphabetically by title. The unpublished manuscript "Russia as Observed by an Agricultural Explorer" is arranged by page number. This was done to allow researchers to see the evolution of Hansen's editing and to show the various topics covered by the manuscript.

The notebooks include miscellaneous notes on plants, a calendar of events, and course work while Hansen attended Iowa State College. This material is dated 1883 and 1908-1909.

The publications consist mainly of reprints of bulletins written for the SD Agricultural Experiment Station. Also included are reprints of other published articles and a copy of The Yellow and Blue, the South Dakota State College school song for which Hansen wrote the words. This material is dated between 1904 and 1947.

The travel material deals with Hansen's travels to Russia, Siberia, Central Asia, Turkestan, and Northern Africa. Included are maps, expenses, and a permit issued by Russia for Hansen in 1897. This material is dated between 1897.

System of arrangement

This collections is arranged into series:

  • Series 1. SDSU collection
  • Series 2. Loen collection
  • Series 3. Photographs

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

This collection is open to researchers without restrictions. The materials in the Archives do not circulate and may be used in-house only.

Researchers conducting extensive research are asked to make an advance appointment to access archival material. Please call or e-mail prior to visiting the collection and indicate as much detail as possible about a particular topic and intended use.

Physical access

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

South Dakota State University supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted as a result of their fragile condition or by contractual agreements with donors.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

Language and script notes

Finding aids

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information

Accruals

Related materials elements

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related archival materials

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Notes element

General note

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Specialized notes

Alternative identifier(s)

ID

UA053.004

ID

UA 53.4

Description control element

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Digital object metadata

Filename

N.E._Hanson-Alafafa_265.jpg

Media type

Image

Filesize

5.8 MiB

Uploaded

April 14, 2022 6:06 AM

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